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Updated September 04, 2015
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What exactly IS a Miniature Horse?
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Miniature horses are found in many nations, particularly in Europe and the Americas.
The designation of miniature horse is determined by the height of the animal, which, depending on the particular breed registry involved, is usually less than 34–38 inches (86–97 cm) as measured at the last hairs of the mane, which are found at the withers. While miniature horses are the size of a very small pony, many retain horse characteristics and are considered "horses" by their respective registries.
They have various colors and coat patterns.
Miniature horses are friendly and interact well with people. For this reason they are often kept as family pets, though they still retain natural horse behavior, including a natural fight or flight instinct, and must be treated like an equine, even if they primarily serve as a companion animal. They are also trained as service animals, akin to assistance dogs for people with disabilities. Miniature horses are also trained for driving, equine agility and other competitive horse show type events.
Characteristics and registration
There are two registries in the United States for Miniature Horses, the American Miniature Horse Association (AMHA) and the American Miniature Horse Registry (AMHR). The AMHA was founded in 1978 and was dedicated to establishing the Miniature horse as a distinct breed of horse. Many of the international organizations are associated with the AMHA, including clubs throughout Canada and in several European countries. The AMHR is a division of the American Shetland pony Club and was established as a separate registry in 1972. Worldwide, there are dozens of miniature horse registries. Some organizations emphasize breeding of miniatures with horse characteristics, others encourage minis to retain pony characteristics. Along with registries for miniature horses in general, there are also breed-specific registries, such as several for the Falabella horse.
In the AMHR, Miniatures cannot exceed 34 inches at the withers (which the AMHR defines as located at the last hair of the mane). There are two divisions in AMHR - the "A" division for horses 34 inches (86 cm) and under, and the "B" division for horses 34 to 38 inches (86 to 97 cm). The AMHA requires that horses stand under 34 inches. Horses of any eye or coat color, and any form of white markings, are allowed to be registered. The AMHA standard suggests that if a person were to see a photograph of a miniature horse, without any size reference, it would be identical in characteristics, conformation, and proportion to a full-sized horse. According to the AMHR, a "Miniature should be a small, sound, well-balanced horse and should give the impression of strength, agility and alertness. A Miniature should be eager and friendly but not skittish in disposition."
They are generally quite hardy, often living longer on average than some full-sized horse breeds; the average life span of miniature horses is from 25 to 35 years. However, there are also some health issues that are more frequently found in miniature horses than their full-sized relatives. Overfeeding is a common problem in miniature horses, leading to obesity; this is especially true when owners are used to owning full-sized horses. Dental issues, including crowding, brachygnathism (overbites) and prognathism (underbites) are frequently seen, due to having the same number of teeth in a much smaller mouth. They can also experience retention of deciduous teeth (baby teeth) and sinus problems from overcrowding. The combination of a propensity for overeating and dental problems can lead to an increased occurrence of colic. A major metabolic problem seen more frequently in miniature horses is hyperlipemia, where an appetite-reducing stressor can cause the body to break down significant amounts of fat, overwhelming the liver and potentially leading to liver failure. Reproduction is also more difficult in miniature horses, with a higher incidence of difficult births and a greater potential for eclampsia. The majority of the health problems seen more frequently in miniature horses are easily rectified with proper feeding and maintenance.
Miniature horses were first developed in Europe in the 1600s, and by 1765, they were seen frequently as the pets of nobility. Others were used in coal mines in England and continental Europe. The English began using small ponies in their mines after the Mines and Collieries Act 1842 prohibited the use of young children as mine workers. Shetland ponies were most frequently seen, although any small, strong ponies that would fit in the small mine shafts were used as pit ponies. The first small horses in the United States date to 1861, when John Rarey imported four Shetland ponies, one of whom was 24 inches (61 cm) tall. Additional small British horses, as well as small Dutch mine horses, were brought to the US throughout the late 1800s. These small horses continued the work of their British relatives, being employed in the coal mines of the eastern and central US until the mid-1900s. In the 1960s, public appreciation for miniature horses began to grow, and they were increasingly used in a number of equestrian disciplines.
The Falabella miniature horse was originally developed in Argentina in the mid-1800s by Patrick Newell. When Newell died, the herd and breeding methods were passed to Newell's son-in-law, Juan Falabella. Juan added additional bloodlines including the Welsh Pony, Shetland pony, and small Thoroughbreds. With considerable inbreeding he was able to gain consistently small size within the herd.
The South African Miniature Horse was developed in South Africa and has a wide range of conformations represented in its population. Some resemble miniature Arabians, while others appear to be scaled-down versions of draft horses. Wynand de Wet was the first breeder of miniature horses in South America, beginning his program in 1945 in Lindley, South Africa. Other breeders soon followed, with many using Arabian horses in their breeding programs. In 1984, a breed registry was begun, and the national livestock association recognized the South African Miniature Horse as an independent breed in 1989. There are approximately 700 miniature horses registered in South Africa.
There are many horse show opportunities offered by registries and show sanctioning organizations worldwide.
Many classes are offered, including halter (horse conformation), in-hand hunter and jumper, driving, liberty, costume, obstacle or trail classes, and showmanship. Miniature horses are also used as companion animals and pets for children, the elderly and the handicapped, as they are generally less intimidating than full-sized horses. While miniature horses can be trained to work indoors, they are still real horses and are healthier when allowed to live outdoors (with proper shelter and room to run) when not working with humans.
Horse or pony?
There is an ongoing debate over whether a miniature horse should possess horse or pony characteristics. This is a common controversy within the miniature horse world and also is a hot debate between mini aficionados and other horse and pony breed owners. While technically any member of Equus ferus caballus under 14.2 hands (58 inches, 147 cm) is termed a "pony," many breeds, including some miniature breeds, actually retain a horse phenotype and their breed registry therefore classifies them as horses.
Some miniature horse breed standards prefer pony characteristics such as short, stout legs and elongated torsos, while others prefer ordinary horse proportions. Even the name is in dispute, terms such as "Midget Pony" and "Pygmy Horse" used in addition to "Miniature horse" and breed-specific names such as Falabella. The level of controversy is reflected by the presence of over 30 different registries for miniaturized horses or ponies just within the English-speaking world.
Thumbelina - a Dwarf mare (lef)
Dwarfism is a concern within the miniature horse world. Dwarf horses, while often setting world records for size, are not considered to have desirable traits, generally have incorrect conformation, and may have significant health and soundness issues. Therefore, many miniature horse registries try to avoid accepting minis affected by dwarfism for breeding stock registration. In 2014, a commercial DNA test became available for one set of dwarfism mutations. The four mutations of the ACAN gene are known to cause dwarfism or aborted fetuses in miniature horses. The test does not detect the mutations that cause skeletal atavism in miniature horses and some ponies, or the osteochondrodysplasia dwarfism seen in some horse breeds.
The oldest living horse on record was a miniature horse affected by dwarfism named Angel who lived with the Horse Protection Society of North Carolina and lived to be over 50. The current record holder for the world's smallest horse is also a horse affected by dwarfism, Thumbelina, who is fully mature but stands 17 inches (43 cm) tall and weighs 60 pounds (27 kg). Though she has received considerable publicity, her owners have publicly stated that she will not be bred. In 2010 a 6-pound (2.7 kg) miniature horse foal named Einstein challenged Thumbelina for the title of the World's Smallest Horse in part based upon the idea that there should be a separate world record category for the smallest non-dwarf horse.
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Danielle Hill Training Center
Welcome to Danielle Hill Training Center!
At DHTC, we believe in putting the horse first.
After all, that is why we are here and able to do what we do.
These horses are our working partners.
We promise to put the animal's best interest before ours.
While ribbons and trophies are wonderful, they cannot replace the enjoyment of the animal itself.
Therefore they are our first priority at all times.
Please pardon our appearance as we update our website to include info on our show string, our awesome clients and our sale horses too.
AS always my team is the heart of this program.. my horses are the soul.
DHTC is located in
More About FHF Mini Horse Sales LLC
The horses listed on this site are not owned by Mini Horse Sales/Frost Hill Farm/Karen Rudolph (unless noted) but owned by caring and educated horse people looking to find the best possible match of horse & new owner. MHS is proud to be the agent for this spectacular group of Miniature Horses.
If you are interested in having your horse listed on our site, please email email@example.com.
MHS specializes in connecting sellers with buyers to ensure a perfect match between horse & human.
MiniHorseSales will market your horse on our very active site with e-mail blasts (4000+ contacts), paid Facebook advertising and on our Facebook fan page with over 59,000 fans, full page ads in the AMHA Miniature Horse World magazine as well as direct contact from our large list of horse people looking for that "perfect" mini match.
All of the horses for sale are kept current on vaccinations, deworming, farrier trims, and dental teeth care. We invite your questions and do our best to honestly represent our horses. We are here to answer your questions now and after the sale of the horse to offer a nice transition for our horses and their new owners. We want our horses to be placed in caring homes and will do what we can to insure a good fit between a particular horse and their future owners.
The horses listed are all AMHA and/or ASPC/AMHR registered unless noted.
The ‘good home’ factor is important to us, and if you are the perfect home, we will never be insulted by a sincere offer. Please feel free to contact us with questions, comments or just to "talk minis".
Helpful Hints - Marketing Your Miniature Horse
By Karen Rudolph – www.minihorsesales.com
Testimonials From Some Of Our Happy Customers
Thanks for helping me find the perfect mini! He is everything and more!
(purchased Royal Oaks Painted Berry - March 2015)
We would recommend this site to anyone ...I know I keep snooping ...horse people ..we are all a little crazy ...LOL thanks again Karen.
I highly recommend Karen Rudolph's website www.minihorsesales.com and her Facebook page as well. What a great service to the miniature horse industry; such quality horses listed on this site. I purchased 2B Patsy's Tribute To Gina after seeing her on the website, and couldn't be happier! A great place to connect buyers and sellers!
Terri Rogers, Riverview Stable, TN
We couldn't be happier with our gelding, Dom!!!! Thank you Karen, we wouldn't have known about him if it hadn't been for Mini Horse Sales. (via Facebook)
Linda Cameron-Davis, Pippin Hill Farm, Maine
I highly recommend Minihorsesales.com and Karen Rudolph. I sent her my horses to list and they were up and viewable on her website quickly. Karen has many contacts and ways to advertise, so your horse will be marketed in every possible way. Karen is very easy to work with and she takes the time to cover every detail about your horse, and will bend over backward to accommodate you and your listing. We have been connected with many perspective buyers through Minihorsesales.com. Anyone who is looking to get exposure for their sale horses NEEDS to contact Karen...... You won't be disappointed!
Kristina Slobody - Sawmill River Farm, West Brookfield, MA
Karen is a wonderful, enthusiastic horsewoman who brings her energy and dedication to promoting the miniature horse. She not only lists horses for sale, she promotes them and works very hard to connect folks with the right horse for them. She was invaluable in the sale of my colt, Brookhavens Knight Dreams, and because of that I will continue to support her and rely on her to help me connect with future potential buyers.
Merry Black - Brookhaven Miniatures, Summerfield, NC
A very special thank you to Karen Rudolph for her help in selling my colt Aloha Acres A Silent Partnership. I am amazed how fast her response was to me when I asked for her help. Not only did he sell within a very short time but Karen's professional help with dealing with prospective buyers was simply amazing. Can't say enough good things about her.
Connie B Heath - NC
I had my weanling filly, MiniEquine A Ravenwood Christmas, listed on the Mini Horse Sales website. Chrissy sold to a Very Good home, which was important to me. With the network of contacts Karen Rudolph has in place and the quality of horses being sold by her, I would recommend Karen for all your sales!
Sandy Revard - Mini Equine Farm/MiniEquine Photography, Catlett VA
If you are looking for someone professional and genuine to help you sell some horses, Karen is it! My dad and I have done a lot of local advertising as well as on Lil Beginnings with no luck. Karen offered to help us, and help us she did! We have recently just sold a yearling filly with Karen's help. Not only does she write up a really well written ad, but she helps find a good match for your horse! I will continue to use Karen to help me sell horses in the future.
Megan Herrick - South Frontage Miniatures - CT
I am thrilled that I was able to purchase a beautiful Show Halter and absolutely flipped out when I found such a stunning little filly for sale; exactly what I was looking for. Startling to find out that the seller was located only 20 miles from where I live. (We both live in FL). I hope others will be as lucky as I was when they utilize your website. Regards,
Carolyn Dunaway - Auburndale, Florida
~ A Little More Info ~
I'm Karen Rudolph, and I've been selling horses on my farm website (frosthillfarmminiatures.com) for quite some time. Since it had become so successful for me I decided to branch out and have a website exclusively for marketing nice quality miniature horses.
The cost to list is $50.00 for the first horse and $35.00 for each additional horse LISTED AT THE SAME TIME.
If you would like your horse listed on additional pages (for instance, if you have a driving gelding, he could be listed on the Geldings 3 & Over page AND the Driving Geldings page - and if he was also a Shetland, he could be on that page as well) the cost is an additional $15.00 per page.
Listing will remain on site for 4 months, unless the horse is sold sooner.
CORPORATE SPONSOR LISTING SPACE IS SOLD OUT FOR 2015! CONTACT US ABOUT BECOMING A PAGE SPONSOR TO PROMOTE YOUR FARM OR SMALL EQUINE BUSINESS!
If you would like to be on the waiting list to become a sponsor in 2016, please email firstname.lastname@example.org
Page Sponsorships are available on any page except the home page.
Your farm name/business will be listed on the right side column of the ad, including a link to your site. Our site gets over 4,000 hits per day - take advantage of our high volume traffic to promote YOUR farm! 12 month page sponsorships are $125.00, and professional designed ad can be created for $75.00.
Send Paypal to: email@example.com
Snail Mail to:
11 Agawam Ave
Hampstead NH 03841
I will design ad and will promote your horse on the sales website, on FaceBook and also do e-mail blasts, post ads on popular horse sites & promote the sale horses through full page ads in the AMHA Miniature Horse World magazine.
Please note -
USE THIS EASY TO FILL OUT FORM TO SUBMIT YOUR SALE HORSE ADS:
I would need the following info:
Registered name (nickname also)
There is NO additional fees unless you would like me to handle all the inquiries as the contact person.
If so, I can do all the correspondence with the potential buyers or put your name/number/email/website as the contact. Just let me know! There is a 12% commission charge for this service.
Send inquiries to firstname.lastname@example.org
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